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LIBYA – NEWS

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http://www.petercliffordonline.com/libya-1


UNLIKE TUNISIA AND EGYPT, LIBYA’S MAJORITY YOUTH VOTE FOR SECULAR PARTY CANDIDATES IN FIRST SUCCESSFUL DEMOCRATIC ELECTION:

TIMELINE – 18th JULY 2012 10.14 GMT:

In Libya’s first elections since 1965 (but no political parties allowed) and first totally free elections since 1952, a liberal, secular union, the National Forces Alliance, won 39 out of the 80 seats reserved for political parties.

http://www.petercliffordonline.com/libya-news

A Happy Voter in Libya’s Elections

The National Forces Alliance is led by Mahmoud Jibril, who acted as Libya’s first interim Prime Minister after the fall of Gaddafi.

However, the final outcome and who has the majority of seats remains to be seen. 120 seats in the 200 seat parliament are reserved for independent candidates and where their allegiances lie has not yet been revealed.

The Muslim Brotherhood’s religious Justice and Construction Party gained only 17 seats but claims that it has a bigger following among the independent candidates.

Many observers thought Libya would go the way of Tunisia and Egypt where the Muslim Brotherhood has gained a majority hold.

http://www.petercliffordonline.com/libya-1

Mahmoud Jibril – Election Front-Runner

After a 2 week window to examine any complaints of voting irregularities, the newly elected assembly, which will have legislative powers, will choose an elected government.

EU election observers said that the vote on July 7th was largely “peaceful and smooth”, though one man was killed near a polling station in Ajdabiya and rioting and technical difficulties interrupted the vote in other locations, mainly in the east of the country where some want federal independence.

The majority of the 62% who turned out to vote were young people who voted by and large it seems for modern politicians with policy agendas rather than candidates with religious ideologies. A very high proportion of those who voted were also women.

http://www.petercliffordonline.com/libya-1

Abdurrahim al-Keib, Interim PM

Abdurrahim al-Keib, the current interim Prime Minister said,”Everybody in Libya is happy. And we are thankful to those partners and friends who have helped us to get to this point. It’s a time of celebration”.

Mr Jibril, the current front-runner in the election result, called last week on all parties to come together to form a coalition government, something which rival politicians tentatively welcomed.  The BBC has a video report, HERE:


**************************************

DEATH OF “LOCKERBIE BOMBER” STILL LEAVES MANY QUESTIONS UNANSWERED AND OTHERS FREE OF THE CRIME:

IS SENUSSI, THE INTELLIGENCE CHIEF, STILL IN CUSTODY AND WHERE ARE ALL THE REMAINING GADDAFI FAMILY NOW?:

TIMELINE – 21st MAY 2012 10.47 GMT:

With the death of Abdelbaset Al-Megrahi this weekend comes to an end part of the story of Pan Am Flight 103, which blew up over Lockerbie in Scotland in 1988 just a few days before Christmas.

http://petercliffordonline.com/libya-1

Megrahi in His Final Years

Megrahi, a senior intelligence officer in Gaddafi’s security services, was accused and convicted in 2001 of planting the bomb after tiny pieces of some distinctive clothing that had been wrapped around the bomb, were traced back to a shop in Malta.

Megrahi had been in Malta on a false passport the day before.

In Libya views are still mixed on Megrahi’s guilt or not, but what is definite is that he almost certainly did not work alone and the question remains over whether Gaddafi himself authorised the attack. Perhaps Saif Gaddafi, himself awaiting trial in Libya, knows the answer.

The explosion killed 270 people, 11 of them in the houses that were turned into fireballs on the ground when the plane came down, creating the worst mass killing ever on British soil.

Megrahi was released from a Scottish prison in August 2009 on “compassionate grounds” as he was suffering from prostate cancer and estimated to only have 3 months to live.  In fact he went on to live for almost another 3 years after receiving radiotherapy and chemotherapy in Libya and an expensive anti-prostate cancer drug from the US.

http://www.petercliffordonline.com/libya-1

Lockerbie Afer the Pan Am Flight Crashed

The case of who was responsible for the bombing is still live and the director of the FBI, Robert Mueller, and Scotland’s chief prosecutor, the Lord Advocate Frank Mulholland, recently returned from Libya after holding discussions with officials in Tripoli.

Megrahi’s funeral takes place in Tripoli this afternoon and while his relatives continue to protest his innocence, the pain of the relatives of those who died in the explosion continues. The BBC has several video reports HERE:

IS SENUSSI, THE INTELLIGENCE CHIEF, STILL IN CUSTODY AND WHERE ARE ALL THE REMAINING GADDAFI FAMILY NOW?:

Another person who may have the answers over the Lockerbie killings is Abdullah al-Senussi, Gaddafi’s former Intelligence Chief and also his brother-in-law, who was arrested in Mauritania using a false name and passport in March this year.

http://www.petercliffordonline.com/libya-1The Libyan authorities claimed at the end of March that they had reached an agreement with the Mauritanean President, Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz, over Senussi’s extradition, but nothing has been heard since. 

Senussi is subject to an International Criminal Court (ICC) warrant in the Hague and that may be the reason for the delayed hand-over

Senussi is also wanted by France, who convicted him in absentia of bringing down another airliner over Niger in 1989 with the killing of 170 people, including 54 French nationals.

http://petercliffordonline.com/libya-1

Saif Captured in the Desert With Injured Fingers

The Libyan Government is additionally in a legal battle with the ICC over where and by whom Saif Gaddafi, captured in the southern deserts last November 2011, should be tried in court (a legal decision is expected in June).

Saif remains in custody in Zintan, whose local brigade were responsible for his arrest.  When apprehended he was suffering from injuries to his right hand which he sustained in a NATO bombing attack on his convoy as he fled from Bani Walid.

His younger brother Saadi Gaddafi continues, as far as we know, to live in Niger, protected by the Government of that country.

Saadi though is probably not living  in the luxury he is used to.  His former $15 million mansion in London was reclaimed by the Libyan embassy through the British High Court in March and is now on the market to be sold off for the benefit of the Libyan nation.  You can see a video tour of Saadi’s former “millionaire’s row” luxury pad, HERE:

Also as far we know, their other brothers Mohammed (actually a half-brother to the others from Gaddafi’s first marriage) and Hannibal, plus their sister Aisha and Gaddafi’s wife Safia, are still living in Algeria courtesy of the Algerian Government, one of those Arab dictatorships as yet unaffected by the Arab Spring revolutions all around it.

http://www.petercliffordonline.com/libya-1

Hanna Gaddafi as She is Believed to be Now

Accompanying them into exile in Algeria is, it is believed, Gaddafi’s adopted daughter Hanna, whom the Colonel claimed was killed in a US airstrike on his compound ordered by American President Ronald Reagan in 1986.

Gaddafi kept up this emotional pretence of the “murder of a baby” for 25 years. Documents discovered last year suggest she is alive and well, frequently travelled to London on shopping expeditions as a teenager and had qualified and had been practicing as a doctor in Libya until the family fled the country.

The last 3 of Gaddafi’s children are believed to be dead.  Mo’tassim, who acted as his Father’s security chief was killed shortly after him in unclear circumstances following the arrest of both of them near Sirte in October 2011.  The were buried together in a secret location in the desert.

Khamis, who led the 32nd Brigade was believed finally killed in a rocket strike between Tripoli and Bani Walid on August 29th 2011, though he was reported dead several times prior to that.

Saif Al-Arab Gaddafi, along with 3 of his children, was killed in a Nato bombing strike on Tripoli in April 2011.

There is further detail in this Feb 17/Reuters article, HERE:

http://www.petercliffordonline.com/libya-1

Gaddafi’s Children: Saif Al-Islam, Saif Al-Arab, Saadi. Aisha, Mohammed, Mo’tassim, Khamis & Hannibal

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WORLDWIDE CONCERN OVER RENEWED TORTURE CLAIMS AGAINST MILITIAS AND UNEASY STAND-OFF IN BANI WALID:

TIMELINE – 27th January 2012 12.25 GMT:

While concern has been expressed worldwide over reports of continued torture by militia groups loyal to the NTC in Libya, there also appears to be an uneasy stand-off between pro-NTC and pro-Gaddafi forces in Bani Walid following an outbreak of violence on Monday.

The international medical charity Medicins Sans Frontieres (MSF) has withdrawn its medical staff from detention centres in Misrata, after it reported that their doctors were being asked to patch up injured men who were clearly victims of torture.

http://www.petercliffordonline.com/libya-1

MSF Working With Injured Patients in Libya – msf.org.uk

Some of the men were being brought in between interrogation sessions and then being returned to custody where further torture was inflicted. 

MSF said it was still supporting schools, health clinics and other medical facilities throughout the country.

More than 8,500 prisoners are still being held in more than 60 detention centres across Libya, three months after fighting ended. 

Most are accused of being Gaddafi loyalists and a disproportionate number of those held are of sub-Saharan origin.

Many feel that it is the responsibility of the NTC to get control of these centres, to review the cases and deal with the prisoners quickly within a legal framework, something that the authorities have disappointingly so far failed to do.

Amnesty International has accused the militias of several cases where people have died in custody after being tortured, yet no investigation has been started.

It also confirmed that amnesty has seen medical evidence that supports detainees’ claims of abuse and torture. After the horrors of the Gaddafi era, this is very disappointing news.

However, as Tripoli businessman Muhannad Alamir says, “We are at a critical juncture. We hit rock bottom under Gaddafi so anything is an upgrade. You can’t undo 42 years in three months”.

http://www.petercliffordonline.com/libya-1

NTC Reinforcements Sent to Bani Walid – guardian.co.uk

Meanwhile, at Bani Walid there is an uneasy and tense truce. 

No more fighting has been reported but large contingents of NTC militia surround the outskirts of the town, complete with their trade mark heavily armed pick-ups.

Libyan Defence Minister Osama al-Juwali, who has been negotiating with former pro-Gaddafi militiamen in Bani Walid, told reporters on Wednesday that the situation was stable. 

The BBC has a report from inside Bani Walid, HERE:

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CONFLICTING REPORTS EMERGE FROM BANI WALID AS LOCAL RESENTMENT SURFACES:

SAADI GADDAFI SIGNS CONTRACT WITH NIGER FOOTBALL TEAM AS “EXPERT ADVISOR”:

TIMELINE – 25th January 2011 10.35 GMT:

While Bani Walid seemed to be calm yesterday, conflicting reports are emerging about the cause of the fighting that errupted on Monday leaving as many as 7 dead and 25 wounded.

http://www.petercliffordonline.com/libya-1

Gaddafi’s Green Flags Flying Once Again Over Bani Walid – dailymail.co.uk

Mubarak al-Fatamni, the head of Bani Walid’s local council. who fled to Misrata when the fighting started, claimed that  100 – 150 fighters using heavy weapons, including 106-mm anti-tank guns, took control of the town and hoisted Gaddaf’s green flag above a number of main buildings in the town.

The NTC’s Interior Minister, Fawzi Abdelali, however said in a statement that the problems were caused by “local issues” and that the NTC were meeting to discuss the situation.

Problems started when the 28 May Brigade, the NTC’s resident authorised militia, arrested someone over the weekend and local people, festering over other issues, decided to take action. They formed a militia called Brigade 93 and drove the NTC unit from the town.

It is probably true that some of those in Brigade 93 are former pro-Gaddafi supporters and had fought on the Colonel’s side but the slur of being “pro-Gaddafi” is increasingly used to tarnish the name of opposing militias when fighting breaks out over other events that one or the other group does not like.

http://www.petercliffordonline.com/libya-1

NTC Units Now Surround Bani Walid

In Bani Walid, local elders are said to be appointing their own administration while at the same time meeting with a delegation of elders from Zintan and Sabratha. 

Bani Walid, like Sirte was severely damaged in the fighting and as one of the last Gaddafi strongholds, houses were looted when the town was liberated.

This has left burning resentment among local people, especially as promised compensation for their destroyed homes and stolen belongings has been slow in coming.

Militia loyal to the NTC now surround the town but have made no move to enter it until they get authorisation from senior Government officials.  The NTC is reported to have sent a Government representative to talk to local people.

There were also isolated reports of a simultaneous drive by shooting in Tripoli and firing of weapons in Benghazi leading to increased checkpoints and a “state of emergency” being called temporarily in some areas.

Al Jazeera has a video report from just outside Bani Walid, HERE: 

SAADI GADDAFI SIGNS CONTRACT WITH NIGER FOOTBALL TEAM AS “EXPERT ADVISOR”:

It is reported from Niamey, the capital of Niger, south of Libya, where Saadi Gaddafi has taken refuge and reportedly been given asylum by the the Niger Government, that he has signed a contract with the Niger national football team.

http://www.petercliffordonline.com/libya-1

Saadi Gaddafi Signs Contract with Niger Team

Gaddafi, who was once a professional footballer in Malta and Italy, as well as Libya, and also President of the Libyan Football Association (though his actions in that role are highly questionable and probably illegal) will not be playing for the Niger team.

His role will be reportedly as an “expert consultant”, though his name will not appear on any official records.   (EDITOR: He clearly is getting frustrated with nothing to do in the barren wastes of the Niger desert!)

Meanwhile, his brother Saif Gaddafi remains incarcerated in Zintan under the custody of the local militia as the NTC complete negotiations with the International Criminal Court in the Hague.

Meeting a deadline to contact the ICC over Gaddafi by last Monday, the NTC’s Minister of Justice Ali Humaida Ashour, has made it clear that that they want to try Saif Gaddafi in Libya. 

The ICC itself has yet to make a decision on where the trial should  be but Libya does have the right to put Saif al-Islam on trial under international law, but only if the ICC agrees it is able to mount a fair trial.  The NTC has given assurances that it will be able to do that.

“The trial will be in public and observers will have the right to attend court,” Ashour added. “The date of trial has not been set yet, since Saif is still being questioned,” he said.

http:www.petercliffordonline.com/libya-1

Saif Gaddafi After Being Taken into Custody

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VICE-CHAIR NTC RESIGNS AFTER ATTACK ON NTC HQ AND SACKING OF BENGHAZI MAYOR:

NTC BASE IN BANI WALID UNDER ATTACK FROM SIGNIFICANT PRO-GADDAFI FORCE, 4 DEAD AND 20 WOUNDED:

TIMELINE – 23rd January 2011 15.10 GMT:

Following the attack on the NTC headquarters in Benghazi on Saturday, Abdel Hafiz Ghoga, the Vice-Chairman of the NTC, has resigned his post.

http://www.petercliffordonline.com/libya-1

Abdel Hafiz Ghoga, Vice-Chairman NTC – Reuters

“My resignation is for the benefit of the nation and is required at this stage,” he told Al Jazeera in an interview.

He talked also about an atmosphere of “hatred” that had already grown up in peacetime.

“I do not want this atmosphere to continue and negatively affect the National Transitional Council and its performance,” he said.

Ghoga was also angry, according to reports, that Mustafa Abdel Jalil had asked for the resignation of Benghazi’s Mayor, Saleh El-Ghazal, pending new elections, and had suspended all 6 representives of Benghazi on the NTC Council.

Jalil later said that the Benghazi representatives could only serve on the NTC Council if approved by the Benghazi City Council.

http://petercliffordonline.com/libya-1

Jalil Tries to Calm Angry Demonstrators – Reuters

One of the reasons for the assault on the NTC headquarters, is that many believe that people who were strongly associated with Gaddafi are too involved with the NTC, as were both Ghoga and Jalil.

Jalil was Gaddafi’s former Justice Minister but resigned early on in the protests against him.  Ghoga was more of late comer to the NTC cause.

In a speech Sunday, Jalil warned, “We are going through a political movement that can take the country to a bottomless pit

He also pleaded for more time to get things done. “The people have not given the government enough time and the government does not have enough money.

Maybe there are delays, but the government has only been working for two months. Give them a chance, at least two months, ” he said.

NTC BASE IN BANI WALID UNDER ATTACK FROM SIGNIFICANT PRO-GADDAFI FORCE – 4 DEAD AND 20 WOUNDED:

According to reports by the news agency AFP, pro-Gaddafi supporters conducted a raid this morning, Monday, on a militia base in Bani Walid, killing 4 ex-revolutionary fighters and wounding 20.

Mahmud Warfelli, a spokesman for Bani Walid local council, said between 100 and 150 men armed with heavy weapons are attacking and although they have asked for help from the NTC and the army, little has been so far forthcoming.

http://www.petercliffordonline.com/libya-1

The Town of Bani Walid

The base belongs to the May 28 Brigade, a militia of former revolutionaries attached to the Defence Ministry. 

Speaking form inside the base, M’barek al-Fotmani, another local official said the attackers were carrying green flags and had completely surrounded them.

You can read the full AFP report, HERE:

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CONFLICTING NEEDS AND EXPECTATIONS OF LIBYANS BOIL OVER INTO ATTACK ON NTC HQ:

TIMELINE – 22nd January 2012 09.25 GMT:

The conflicting views and needs of Libyans boiled over yesterday when an angry crowd of at least 200 people attacked the headquarters of the NTC in Benghazi.

The protesters are reported to have used a hand grenade to blow open the main gate and then streamed into the grounds of the building, banging on doors and windows and demanding to speak to officials.

http://www.petercliffordonline.com/libya-1

Jalil Tries to Calm Angry Protesters

The head of the NTC, Mustafa Abdul Jalil, who was visiting from Tripoli, tried to address the crowd from a second floor window but was pelted with bottles.

The crowd went on to seriously damage the Toyota Land Cruiser used by Jalil and broke into the building, smashing windows and running off with furniture and electronics. Jalil was later smuggled out of the building through a back entrance.

Last week Abdel-Hafiz Ghoga, Jalil’s deputy, was assaulted at Benghazi University by a group of students shouting “Go away! Go away!”, when attending a memorial service for those killed during the war, and had to be pulled to safety.

Some of the complaints seem to be around transparency and questions around what has happened to all the billions of dollars that have been returned to Libya. Some are by war veterans who don’t think they are getting enough funds to live on and that the wounded lack proper treatment.

http://www.petercliffordonline.com/libya-1

Protesters Attacking Jalil’s Car in Benghazi

Others are angry at alterations to the proposed election laws which were changed following an online survey.

After the receipt of 14,000 emails, plans to have a 10% quota limit on female participation in the new parliament were scrapped and a rule preventing people with dual nationalities from voting in Libya was also dropped.

The NTC, going back on previous pledges, has also dropped its rule on members of the NTC not being allowed to run for office.

http://www.petercliffordonline.com/libya-1

Islamists Burn Copies of Gaddafi’s “Green Book” in Benghazi – Reuters

As if to make matters more complicated, hundreds of Islamists demonstrated in major cities in Libya on Friday, simultaneously  burning copies of Gaddafi’s “Green Book” and holding up copies of the Koran, and demanding the implementation of Sharia Law, including Sharia economic principles and banking.

By contrast, a group of secularists have been staging a month long sit-in in Tripoli’s Algeria Square calling for a state that can respect moderate Sharia but also give women their full rights.

Clearly the NTC has a very difficult five months on its hands in the run up to the first elections to appoint a Constitutional Council in June, walking a tightrope juggling all the needs, hopes and expectations of their countrymen. 

Reuters (EDITOR: After suffering a short Ad) has a video on the attack on the Benghazi NTC headquarters, HERE:

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DEADLY CLASH BETWEEN RIVAL TOWN MILITIAS LEAVES 12 KILLED AND MORE THAN 100 WOUNDED:

 NO SMILES FOR LIBYA’S 1 – 0 SHOCK DEFEAT IN AFRICA CUP – OPPONENTS GET $1 MILLION:

TIMELINE – 21st January 2011 UPDATED 21.20 GMT:

The unresolved problem of dealing with armed militia in Libya has boiled over into a deadly confrontation between 2 towns south of Tripoli.

What started as a minor argument over the ownership of a car more than a week ago has escalated into a serious clash between the towns of Gharyan, 50 miles from Tripoli and nearby Assabia.

http://www.petercliffordonline.com/libya-1

Assabian Torture Victim – bbc.co.uk

12 people have been killed and over 100 injured on both sides following fire fights that included the use of machine guns and rockets.

Izeddine al-Ghool, a brigade commander from Assabia, was captured in the initial exchanges and his badly beaten body delivered to a morgue in Tripoli 4 days later.

His body was returned to Assabia on Thursday where his wife had just given birth to a baby.

It appears that both he and other fighters from Assabia captured in the clash were tortured by the the former anti-Gaddafi militia in Gharyan.

On their part, the militia in Gharyan claim that their rivals in Assabia remain loyal to Gaddafi and that they had tried to disarm them.

Others from Assabia claim the dispute is about greed and the men from Gharyan just want “our land, money and property” and “to wipe us off the map”.

Whatever the causes of this dispute, the need for a strong centrally controlled army in Libya is pressing and Mustafa Abdul Jalil, the Chairman of the NTC, has warned that the country is in danger of slipping into civil war unless the problem of heavily armed militia is solved.

The men in Assabia have made it clear the will not give up their weapons “until Libya’s other cities give up their weapons too”.  The BBC has a video report, HERE:

NO SMILES FOR LIBYA’S 1 – 0 SHOCK DEFEAT IN AFRICA CUP – OPPONENTS GET $1 MILLION:

Sadly Libya fell to a shock 1-0 defeat to Equatorial Guinea in their first match of Group A in the Africa Cup.

Former Real Madrid player Javier Balboa scored a dramatic late goal with just 3 minutes left to play.

The result means that the son of President Obiang Nguema’s will have to pay the team a promised $1 million to share between them if they won and a further $20,000 for a goal.

Hopefully the Libyan team can recover quickly and draw on their reserves of courage and determination to win their remaining matches in the Group.

The Libyan team overcame huge difficulties last year to continue playing while their country was at war and in complete turmoil, playing “home” matches in other countries and with some of their key players away fighting on the frontline.

Al-Katroushi, one of the players who fought with the revolutionary forces, said after arriving at their tournament hotel in Bata, “It’s a long time since the country had something to smile and be happy about and that’s up to us now.”

Their Brazilian coach, Marcos Paqueta explains that the Libyan players were able to use the political crisis as extra motivation.

“The players have talent but they didn’t believe in this talent before,” he said. “We had to change that mentality to give them courage and attitude. The rebellion seemed to make them more determined, more focused, more able to play above themselves.”

The team had a good chance of getting beyond Group A where Equatorial Guinea are only listed as 150th in FIFA world rankings and other rivals like Gambia have been seriously hit by injuries.

http://www.petercliffordonline.com/libya-1

Libyan Team Celebrate in Previous Qualifying Match Against Mozambique – AP

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CRUNCH TIME FOR ARMED MILITIAS IN TRIPOLI AS DEADLINE SET FOR THEIR DEPARTURE:

ICC ASKS FOR ACCESS TO SAIF GADDAFI TO ASSESS HIS “PHYSICAL AMD MENTAL STATE”:

LIBYA’S GRAFFITI ART – TO STAY OR BE ERASED?:

TIMELINE – 7th December 2011 11.55 GMT:

Following demonstrations by the citizens of Tripoli, Abdul Rafik Bu Hajjar, the head of the capital’s city council, has said that all revolutionary brigades from outside the city must leave by 20th December and that the Tripoli Brigade itself will be dissolved on December 31st.

The firm stand has been provoked by repeated clashes between armed militia groups, the latest on Sunday resulting in the death of a former freedom fighter in a shootout with the Rojban Brigade from the west, who were seeking to release a colleague accused of murder.

http://www.peterclifforonline.com/libya-1

Freedom Fighter – Libya’s Graffiti Art – via bbc.co.uk

The fighters forced their way into Tripoli’s main courthouse and into the office of the attorney-general Abdul Aziz al-Hasadi, demanding that he sign a release document for the accused.

In another incident last Friday, the deputy head of the Janzour Military Council was killed at a checkpoint 17 kilometres west of Tripoli by rival fighters from Zintan.

In his statement, Bu Hajjar said, “We are grateful for their help but now it is time for them to return to their families and friends to help rebuild their own cities and lives.

All individuals must give up their weapons and go back to civilian life or sign up with security forces with the ministries of Defence or Interior.”

His comments were backed by the Libyan government and Prime Minister Abdurrahim El-Keib who confirmed that, “The Interior and Defence ministries will also provide full support to the Tripoli local council.”

Yesterday, Tuesday, protesters demanding that fighters from other parts of Libya leave the city blocked several main roads causing huge traffic jams for much of the day. A further public demonstration is scheduled for Martyr’s Square this afternoon to “clear Tripoli of weapons and the unnecessary presence of militia”.

“It is anticipated that the demonstration will escalate each day until December 20,” said a statement from the Prime Minister’s office. “On that day, if the militias have not left the city, the public of Tripoli and the Libyan government will close the whole city to traffic.”

Al Jazeera has a video report, HERE:

Fethi Tarbel, the lawyer who was widely credited with sparking the Libyan revolution after taking up the cases of families seeking information on the victims of the Abu Salim prison massacre, was finally sworn in on Sunday as Libya’s new Sport and Youth Minister.

When the Prime Minister, Abdurrahim El-Keib first announced his appointment, Tarbel backed off, believing that there was an agreement that NTC members should not become government ministers.

However, after several days thinking about it he decided to take up the challenge which he sees as a huge task because most of the Libyan population is young.

Also sworn in on Sunday in Tripoli were the new Defence Minister Osama Al-Juwali and Oil Minister Abdulrahman Ben Yazza, neither of whom could be at the earlier ceremony.

ICC ASKS FOR ACCESS TO SAIF GADDAFI TO ASSESS HIS “PHYSICAL AMD MENTAL STATE”:

According to documents released yesterday in the Hague, Netherlands, judges at the International Criminal Court (ICC) have asked the Libyan Government to provide them with information on the whereabouts of Saif Gaddafi and to request an opportunity to speak with him.

http://www.petercliffordonline.com/libya-1

Freedom Graffit Art – via bbc.co.uk

The ICC wish to ask him “if he wants a lawyer to represent his interests at the ICC court” and “to assess his physical and mental state”, presumably checking to see whether he is fit to stand trial.

The document also asks the NTC to make it clear whether or not they plan to surrender Gaddafi to the ICC for trial or challenge the ICC’s jurisdiction.

Following his death in October, the warrant against Colonel Gaddafi himself has been closed, but the one outstanding against Abdullah al-Senussi, Gaddafi’s intelligence chief whose location is unknown, remains active.

LIBYA’S GRAFFITI ART – TO STAY OR BE ERASED?:

Colonel Gaddafi did not seem too interested in the Arts, or sport for that matter, seeing them both as rather pointless distractions. In fact free artistic expression was suppressed for decades with only pictures that illustrated or celebrated Gaddafi’s “accomplishments” allowed into the public domain.

It is not surprising therefore that since Gaddafi’s fall there has been an explosion of popular art and wall graffiti across Libya, much of it directed satirically at the former ruler.

In many parts of the world, graffiti art is usually seen as a form of rebellion against public order but not so in Libya where walls across the country are flooded with pictures that be either funny, shrewd or beautiful.

Behind a great number of them is the pain of the suppressed artists, many of whom spent time in prison or lost close friends or family to Gaddafi’s brutal torturers.

http://www.petercliffordnline.com/libya-1

Prison Break Graffiti Art – via bbc.co.uk

Sadeq Gashout,was an artist who was arrested way back in 2007 along with 13 others who were planning on the Internet to hold a demonstration to call for reforms in Libya.

They were intercepted before their planned march could take place and Gashout spent 58 days in solitary confinement and was eventually released at the end of 2008.

As a result of his “rebellion” his daughter was tied up at school and tortured using falanga, beating on the soles of the feet.

The pictures vary hugely in content, some depict nature, some Libyan traditions, others mock the Gaddafis and some are just slogans for various brigades.

Groups of young people have painted over some of the brigade names in recent weeks. The big debate is whether the other pictures should be allowed to stay or not.

One young Libyan woman simply says: “Some of the drawings are pretty or funny and should remain, but I think the ones that are just rubbish should be whitewashed.”

You can read the whole article from the BBC, where the pictures on this page originate, HERE:

http://www.petercliffordonline.com/libya-1

Libya Free Graffiti Art – via bbc.co.uk

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WOMEN FINDING THEIR VOICE – ONE TOLD JALIL “I INTEND TO BE PRIME MINISTER – AND I WON’T BE ASKING PERMISSION!”:

ICC INVESTIGATORS IN LIBYA TO RECORD STORIES OF RAPE AND ABUSE:

          TIMELINE – 3rd December 2011 12.55 GMT:

Libya’s women are finding their voice. There have been 3 women’s events and conferences in Libya in the last 3 weeks.

At one of them Mustafa Abdel Jalil, the NTC interim President, unannounced, turned up with several of the NTC Ministers. Shortly after, unannounced, the new Prime Minister Abdurrahim el-Keib arrived with several more Ministers in tow. And lastly, Mahmoud Jibril, the former interim prime minister entered the hall, unannounced.

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Libya’s Women – No Longer Prepared to Remain Silent – Reuters

Seems Libya’s leaders are getting the message at last that women have something important to both say and contribute and after the war, there is no going back to the old ways, so they had better listen.

First the men had their say, praising the female contribution to the war effort, and then the women had their’s. One woman told Jalil, “I intend to be Prime Minister – and I won’t be asking permission!”.

Others admonished Jalil for his comments in his “liberation” speech on polygamy.

There is still a lot of frustration.

Women feel that with only 2 female ministers in the new Government they are not adequately represented, nor do they have significant roles in high level delegations or in decision making.

Farah Abushwesha, who attended the One Voice women’s conference, was 7 when she was put on a plane to go and live in safety in Ireland with her Irish grandmother. Even now on the first return flight to Libya since then, she remembers sobbing and begging the cabin crew as a child to return her to her parents.

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Farah Abushwesha with her Father – irishtimes.com

Surviving the revolution, Farah’s Father, Redwan Abushwesha, is a Libyan writer who was arrested by Gaddafi’s security forces on suspicion of being a dissenter.

Unable to speak for the last 2 years because of throat cancer, he has communicated with his daughter in that time through text messages.

Now they can be together again whenever they wish and Farah can meet her family and friends that she has not seen since childhood.

“This is not the Libya I remember. And I like it,” said Farah.

You can read the whole moving story (Editor: It moved me to tears!) HERE: 

ICC INVESTIGATORS IN LIBYA TO RECORD STORIES OF RAPE AND ABUSE:

On Wednesday of this week, Jane O’Toole with an International Criminal Court (ICC) investigation team arrived in Libya to take testimony from women who were raped and victimised during the 8 month revolution. Some of them spoke openly of their appalling experiences at the One Voice conference.

“There are a lot of stories,” O’Toole said. “We are not into investigating every crime but those which are most grave and those that are major crimes”, in particular trying to identify who ordered them.

Latifah Mesbah Humayyar, spoke at the conference of how she was gang-raped by Gaddafi’s officials in 1999 at the Tripoli orphanage where she has spent 38 years of her life. “I was raped by officials from the health department of the orphanage because I spoke openly against Gaddafi,“ she said.

Another woman, giving her name only as Mona, described how she was arrested, separated from her 18 month old son at 2.00 in the morning, and held in harsh conditions at Abu Salim prison for months. She believes that al-Senussi, Gaddafi’s still unaccounted for intelligence chief, was behind her imprisonment.

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Libya’s High Profile Rape Victim, Iman al-Obeidi – cnn.com

Also emerging are the incredible stories of women’s bravery in the war against Gaddafi.

Aisha Gadoor, a psychologist, moved around Gaddafi – controlled Libya on foot, transporting packages of ammunition from place to place and hid Kalashnikovs for the revolutionaries in her home.

Not only the women of course, but men not in combat played the Gaddafi regime along while secretly supplying information to the resistance as well. Naser Rayes was a managing director of an IT services company.

He placed a very large wardrobe over the entrance to his en-suite bathroom and went into it through the back of the cupboard, hiding the entrance behind the clothes.

In his bathroom he hid weapons, computers, radios and telephones and, accessing the Internet at random times of the day to avoid detection, he supplied the opposition with the co-ordinates of Gaddafi’s arms dumps. You can read the detail of their stories, courtesy of the BBC, HERE: 

Not every woman (or man for that matter) in Libya is for the revolution of course. Some still believe that “Gaddafi was a great man”, including 18 year old Noor. 

Both her and her fiance worked for the old regime but now they are in hiding. She still speaks of the old order and of her love for the “Great Brother Leader” which she believes will never change. A video report from the BBC, HERE:

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Libya’s Women Having their Say.

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REPORT CRITICISES LSE ACCEPTING MONEY FROM GADDAFI CHARITY & DESCRIBES  SAIF’S HELP WIH PhD “QUESTIONABLE”:

AISHA GADDAFI CALLS FOR “OVERTHROW” OF NTC GOVERNMENT BUT IN DOING SO RISKS HER STATUS IN ALGERIA:

NEW HEALTH MINISTER SAYS “CORRUPTON” AND “CRONYISM” HAS TAKEN TERRIBLE TOLL ON LIBYA’S HEALTH SYSTEM:

TIMELINE – 1st December 2011 12.29 GMT:

In a inquiry report released by Lord Wolf in London yesterday, the London School of Economics (LSE) was heavily criticised for failing to conduct due diligence, as any responsible company would, on donations received from the Gaddafi International Charity and Development Foundation.

The LSE accepted £300,000 ($450,000) as part of 3 year annual donation and also a contract worth £2.2 million ($3.3 million) to its commercial arm to train Libyan civil servants.

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Saif Gaddafi Giving a Lecture at the LSE – thetimes.co.uk

While Lord Wolf found some “merit” in the training programme, the timing of the donation, just six weeks after Saif Gaddafi was awarded a PhD led many to believe that the degree had been “purchased”.

Gaddafi actually signed the agreement to hand over the money on the day he formally received his doctorate at a ceremony in London.

Sir Howard Davies, Director of the LSE, resigned as a result of the controversy after matters came to light following a student protest against the donations in March of this year.

In a separate investigation into complaints about the authenticity of Saif Gaddafi’s PhD thesis, Lord Wolf said, “It is clear now that Saif duped the supervisors who worked so hard to assist him with his PhD” and that there were numerous examples of the “questionable” help he received when writing it.

The “help” included the assistance of someone who acted as a “dictation aide”. One of the “dictation aide’s” emails said that he “would like to work on” Saif al-Islam’s thesis for “another couple of weeks”.

According to the report, Oxford University was approached by a senior civil servant at the Foreign Office, at the time former UK Prime Minister Tony Blair was making overtures to the Gaddafi regime in 2002, to see if they would take Saif Gaddafi as a PhD student.

After scrutinising Gaddafi’s academic credentials Oxford declined to take the matter further. The LSE was less scrupulous.

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LSE Student Protest Started Questions on Source of Gaddafi Money

Lord Woolf made 15 recommendations for the LSE to follow in the future, including the setting up of an Ethics Committee.

In conclusion he said, “The [charitable] foundation was undoubtedly Saif’s alter ego.

If an institution makes the decision to engage with a particular regime, that does not negate the need to verify the source of a gift and the legality and ethics of its origins.”

Interestingly, one line in Saif Gaddafi’s doctoral thesis became prophetically true: “The international order has a responsibility to protect the basic rights of those citizens who live under non-liberal governments”. (EDITOR: Right there Saif!)

The BBC has a video report, in which Saif Gaddafi says in a LSE lecture that Libya is “the most democratic state in the world”, followed by much laughter, HERE:

AISHA GADDAFI CALLS FOR “OVERTHROW” OF NTC GOVERNMENT BUT IN DOING SO RISKS HER STATUS IN ALGERIA:

In an audio message broadcast by Al-Rai TV in Syria on Tuesday, Saif’s sister, Aisha Gaddafi called for the overthrow of the NTC Government, a government she said that had “arrived with the planes of NATO.”

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Aisha Gaddafi Addresses Her Father’s Remaining Supporters – guardian.co.uk

Following the traditional mourning period of speaking about the dead 40 days after their death, Aisha Gaddafi continued, “My father has not left, he is always among us.

Don’t forget the orders of your father urging you to continue fighting, even if you no longer hear his voice.”

Her broadcast now puts her in direct conflict with the Algerian Government whom she promised in September after a similar broadcast, that she and her other family members would refrain from making political statements.

The Gaddafi family status in Algeria as “humanitarian refugees” may now be under threat, particularly as the Government in Tunis is keen to establish a satisfactory working relationship with the NTC.

Following a report by the UN Secretary General on Monday that some of the 7,000 Gaddafi supporters now held in prison by the NTC had been subject to abuse, the NTC Interior Minister, Fawzy Abdul-Ali, acknowledged that some abuses had occurred but said the new Government was trying to eliminate them.

“We are trying our best to establish a legitimate system that is authorized to make arrests, detain and interrogate people,” he said and revealed that the NTC intended to create special security units under the authority of the central government that will handle prisoners.

Al Jazeera’s Anita McNaught interviewed some of the 327 men held in prison in Misrata, some of whom said the charges against them had not been made clear and they had no access to legal representation. You can watch her video report HERE:

Earlier in the week, Malta’s Prime Minister, Lawrence Gonzi, in a whirlwind visit to Libya walked around Marty’s Square in Tripoli, visited bombed out Misrata and held talks with Prime Minister Abdurrahim El-Keib.

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Malta and Libya PMs Greet Defected Pilots – Times of Malta

A surprise for Gonzi when he arrived at the Prime Minister’s office in Tripoli, was to be greeted again by the 2 Libyan pilots who fled to Malta with their fighter jets after refusing to fire on the citizens of Benghazi 4 days after the start of the revolution.

The 2 pilots, who were sheltered by Malta for 7 months, presented PM Gonzi with a gift to show their gratitude.

PM Gonzi announced a new era of cooperation between the two countries and undertook to see what he could do to free up the Libyan assets still held by other countries as money was urgently needed to pay civil servants and other workers.

He also announced that Air Malta would resume flights 3 times weekly to Tripoli as from the day of his visit.

NEW HEALTH MINISTER SAYS “CORRUPTON” AND “CRONYISM” HAS TAKEN TERRIBLE TOLL ON LIBYA’S HEALTH SYSTEM:

Libya’s new Health Minister, Dr. Fatima Hamroush,said this week that “corruption” has take a “terrible toll” on Libya’s health care system.

Contracts to purchase hospital equipment had often been decided not on the basis of quality, but on the size of the bribe. As a result hospitals had ended up with poor and defective equipment that prevented doctors from doing their jobs properly.

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Dr. Fatima Hamroush – irishtimes.com

When it came to employing hospital staff, too often in the past it depended on who you knew, or the name of your father, rather than the ability to do the job and this had affected the standard of care.

Another major problem was just the sheer number of people injured during the war, 13,000 in Misrata alone, many of whom needed complex treatment that could only currently be found abroad.

Dr. Hamroush, who has spent the last 17 years in Dublin, Ireland, said in an interview that she was honoured to have been picked for the job as Health Minister but she wishes the Cabinet had more women.

“Two is a low number really,” she said, “But it is a start”. You can read the complete interview in the Washington Times: 

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NTC NAMES LEADING SUSPECT IN THE KILLING OF GENERAL YOUNES:

UN SECRETARY GENERAL ACCUSES NTC OF ILL TREATING SOME OF THE 7,000 PRISONERS IN ITS CARE:

LIBYA’S FORMER MIGRANT WORKERS LOST BACK HOME IN LIMBO:

5 LADS FROM MANCHESTER COME OF AGE IN LIBYA’S REVOLUTION:

TIMELINE – 29th November 2011 21.15 GMT:

In a televised news broadcast yesterday the NTC’s chief military prosecutor, Yussef Al-Aseifr, said that in the investigation into the killing of General Abdel Fattah Younes and his 2 aides in July, there are now 7 suspects.

Standing alongside Mustafa Abdel Jalil, the interim President of the NTC, Aseifr stated that, “Three have been arrested and security forces are looking for the others”.

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General Younes in April 2011 – Reuters

Going further, Aseifr added, “The number one suspect in the investigation is the former deputy head of (the NTC) executive office Ali Abdelaziz Saad Al-Essawi”.

Essawi, who effectively was the former deputy prime minister, phoned the Libya Awalen television station, following the broadcast and denied any involvement in the killing. “I never signed any decision relating to Abdel Fattah Younes,” he said. “Everybody in Libya wants the truth”.

Prior to his appointment as deputy prime minister, Essawi acted as a “foreign minister” travelling to numerous capital cities around the world to drum up opposition and support for the NTC to fight Gaddafi.

At the time of his death, General Younes who for years previously had been close to Colonel Gaddafi but defected to the opposition side in February, was acting as the NTC’s Commander in Chief of their military forces.

He was summoned one night back to Benghazi from the fighting around Brega but murdered in rather murky circumstances, which still have not been fully explained, on the way.

UN SECRETARY GENERAL ACCUSES NTC OF ILL TREATING SOME OF THE 7,000 PRISONERS IN ITS CARE:

Prior to a UN Security Council meeting yesterday, Ban Ki-Moon, the UN General Secretary, released a report which accused the NTC of holding 7,000 prisoners, some of whom had been subjected to ill treatment and torture.

In the absence of a functioning police force and judiciary, the report continued, very few of the prisoners had access to lawyers or legal proceedings.

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Ban Ki-Moon, UN General Secretary

In particular there was concern at the large number of black African sub-Saharans in custody many of whom had been accused of being mercenaries but in fact may be little more than migrant workers caught up in the war.

Ban Ki-Moon said in the report, “I believe that the leaders of the new Libya are indeed committed to building a society based on the respect for human rights,” but urged the NTC to take the:

“Earliest possible action, however difficult the circumstances, to end arbitrary detention and prevent abuses and discrimination, against third country nationals as well as against any group of Libya’s own citizens.”

Ian Martin, Ban Ki-Moon’s special envoy on Libya, told the Council that other issues were the huge number of weapons still floating around in Libya and finding the quickest way to free up the frozen assets around the world that now belonged to the NTC.

The United States UN Ambassador, Susan Rice, reported on her visit to Tripoli last week, saying that she found Libyans “overwhelming exuberant and excited about their future” and that they had praised the UN Security Council for its action in authorising NATO protection of civilians.

LIBYA’S FORMER MIGRANT WORKERS LOST BACK HOME IN LIMBO:

Many of the sub-Saharan Africans who formerly worked in Libya have made it home to their own countries, but are now completely lost in knowing what to do with their future.

For years their families depended on the money that they sent home – now they have nothing and are depending on their families.

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Many Africans Lost Without Their Libyan Jobs – bbc.co.uk

Moussa Gaye, aged 27, returned from Libya to Dakar in Libya 7 months ago and is still looking for a job.

“I thought Libya was the ideal country,” he said. When he went there in 2007 to study Arabic everything was paid for – tuition fees, accommodation, food and even his flight from Dakar to Tripoli.

Now he teaches in his grandfather’s school a couple of days a week for free to relieve the boredom.

In other countries where food is in short supply, such as Chad, Niger and Burkina Faso, the pressure on families that depended on income from abroad is even higher. Many of the work migrants remain on standby, not sure if they will be needed ever again in Libya or even be welcome.

The BBC has a detailed article HERE: and a video report HERE:

5 LADS FROM MANCHESTER COME OF AGE IN LIBYA’S REVOLUTION:

By contrast, very welcome in Libya right now are 5 young British Libyans who, like hundreds more, travelled to Benghazi when the war began to show their support and to take up arms against Gaddafi.

All of them grew up in the UK in the northern city of Manchester and their strong accent – Manchunian – is not something you expect to find in a Tripoli prison courtyard where all of them work guarding captured Gaddafi prisoners.

Abdul, aged just 17, joined the revolution in March and says it has been a tough 8 months. Within a week of arriving he had been captured in battle and spent 6 months in Abu Salim prison until the prisoners were liberated. Two men he was with when he was captured were shot in cold blood infront of him.

In Abu Salim, Abdul says they were tortured every single day and forced to take turns sitting in a tiny cell with 40 men in it. Now Abdul and his friends patrol the Ain Zara prison controlling those who fought for Gaddafi against them.

Most of the 5 want to stay in Libya and non of them want to give up their weapons. Abdul says: “I can’t sleep without my gun, this is my wife”. The BBC has more detail in an article HERE: and a video interview – if you understand Manchunian! – with Abdul, HERE:

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The Lads From Manchester (Abdul far left) – bbc.co.uk

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BELHADJ APPARENTLY IN DIRECT TALKS WITH FREE SYRIAN ARMY AFTER NTC BLESSING:

NEW PM DEALS WITH DISGRUNTLED AMAZIGH, PLANE STOPPING FIGHTERS AND A RESIGNING “MINISTER”:

MASS RAPE VICTIMS OF ZWARA KEENLY AWAIT THE EXTRADITION OF GADDAFI’S FORMER PM:

MISRATA FIGHTER RECALLS LAST CONVERSATION WITH GADDAFI MINUTES BEFORE DICTATOR KILLED:

TIMELINE – 28th November 2011 11.56 GMT:

The previously reported contact between Libyan officials and the Syrian Opposition was led, it has been revealed, by Abdul Hakim Belhadj, the commander of the Tripoli Military Council.

According to one of Belhadj’s officers, the commander met over the last few days with members of the Free Syrian Army in both Istanbul and on the Turkey/Syria border.

The reports also confirm that Libya is offering money, weapons and training to the members of the fledgling Syrian armed resistance.

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Belhadj Meets With FSA in Turkey – telegraph.co.uk

What was supposed to be a “covert mission” was somewhat exposed when Belhadj was detained briefly at Tripoli International Airport last week by a rival militia who discovered him travelling on a forged passport with his picture but a different name.

Belhadj was only released when a letter from Mustaf Abdel Jalil, interim President of the NTC, was produced condoning the Tripoli Commander’s journey.

It can be safely assume from this that Belhadj has full backing from the interim government to engage with the Syrian Opposition and support them in their struggle to overthrow President Assad.

Many former fighters against Gaddafi are apparently keen to carry on the fight against dictatorship in Syria. When asked about this the commander of the “Fighting Village Brigade” in Tripoli said, “Everyone wants to go. We have liberated our country, now we should help others. This is freedom. This is Arab unity”.

NEW PM DEALS WITH DISGRUNTLED AMAZIGH, PLANE STOPPING FIGHTERS AND A RESIGNING “MINISTER”:

“Arab unity” is a little more difficult to find closer to home it seems.

Firstly, it seems that lawyer Fethi Tarbel, who was only appointed to the post of Minister for Youth and Culture on November 22nd, has resigned his position without even leaving Benghazi, his home city, to take up his duties in Tripoli.

No reason has been given other than “discontent over the appointment”. It was Tarbel’s arrest in February, when he was representing the families of those killed in the Abu Salim prison massacre of 1996, which sparked the uprising against Gaddafi that finally led to the dictator’s downfall.

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Amazigh Peoples March on Libyan PM’s Office – france24.com

Secondly, Libya’s new interim Prime Minister Abdurrahim el-Keib, was hounded at his office on Sunday by a disgruntled crowd of several hundred Amazigh (Berber) protesters, angry that not one person from their ethnic group has been appointed to the new interim Government.

Persecuted under Gaddafi, where their language and culture was banned, the Amazigh, who represent 10 – 15% of the population, were hoping for greater freedom and representation under the new administration, particularly as they had made signficant contributions and sacrifices duing the war to free the whole country.

Protesters, waving the distinctive yellow, blue and green Amazigh flag, pushed their way passed security guards to the front of the building housing the Prime Minister’s office, but were prevented from going inside.

After about an hour, the Prime Minister appeared, wearing an Amazigh cap, and spoke with the crowd and a number of Amazigh elders. The outcome of the brief discussion is not known.

Thirdly, in an unrelated incident, 300 fighters from Souq Jumaa, not far from Matiga airport, a former military HQ used currently for commercial flights, drove onto the airfield at the base and prevented a Tunisian Airlines flight from taking off for a flight to Tunis.

The aircraft was carrying 47 injured Libyan fighters for treatment in Tunisia as well as a number of Tunisian nationals. The fighters, whose brigade was apparently ambushed on Wednesday near Bani Walid by pro-Gaddafi insurgents, killing 15 of their number, were angry that none of their wounded were on board the plane.

As a result, Tunis Air, whose aircraft was later allowed to leave, has stopped further flights to Tripoli until the security situation improves. Flights to Benghazi will continue.

The Government has undertaken to investigate the ambush on Wednesday. The fighters say they had been sent to arrest a prominent figure in the former regime but found the road to Bani Walid blocked and they immediately came under rocket, grenade and gunfire from all sides.

MASS RAPE VICTIMS OF ZWARA KEENLY AWAIT THE EXTRADITION OF GADDAFI’S FORMER PM:

One person from the former regime Libyans are keen to see back in Libya is al-Baghdadi Ali al-Mahmoudi, Gaddafi’s former prime minister, who is languishing in a Tunis prison awaiting the Tunisian President’s final say on his extradition.

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A Libyan Amazigh Woman

No-one is awaiting his return more keenly than the Amazigh women of Zwara, a coastal town just 47 kilometres from the Tunisian border.

On February 20th 2011 the town rebelled against Gaddafi and local men seized 200 weapons from an armoury.

On March 18th, Gaddafi forces retook the town, led in particular by the Kitaib, a specially trained militia reportedly under the direct control of Gaddafi’s sons or their appointed commanders.

Al – Mahmoudi’s involvement stems from a NATO intercept of a phone call between the former PM and another of Gaddafi’s close aides, Tayeb Essaffi, in which the instruction is given to tell the Kitaib to “station five young men in front of every house in Zwara” so that Kitaib men can “enjoy themselves inside”.

The implication is that they should sexually assault the local women in retribution, although the word “rape” is not used.

In a country where “rape” bears deep stigma and few cases are ever prosecuted (especially as under Sharia law a conviction cannot be made unless the perpetrator confesses or the attack is confirmed by 4 male witnesses) the women of Zwara are hoping for a significant outcome.

Confirmation of al-Mahmoudi’s extradition is eagerly awaited. You can read a detailed article the World Affairs Journal, HERE:

MISRATA FIGHTER RECALLS LAST CONVERSATION WITH GADDAFI MINUTES BEFORE DICTATOR KILLED:

Lastly, another city recovering from the ravages and injustices of war is Misrata where every building on the main road, Tripoli Street, is either reduced to a shell or riddled with bullet and rocket damage.

The BBC interviewed Mohammed Abdul Hamid, a 19 year old from Misrata who fought in the war as a sniper, himself getting shot in the leg and out of action for 6 weeks. “I was a sniper and I killed a lot,” he admitted.  “I did many things, and I’m very happy that I did”.

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A Burnt Out Gaddafi Tank in Misrata – bbc.co.uk

But he still cannot bring himself to talk about the death of his best friend, who was shot infront of him, or contemplate that when he goes back to university at least 10 of his classmates will be missing, never to return.

You can read the full report HERE:

The BBC also has a video interview (in English) with a Misrata fighter who was one of the very last people to speak with Gaddafi before he was killed. 

Mohammed Sheba said, “ At first I thought he was someone else – but when I saw his face I was sure”.

“We are from Misrata,” Sheba said to him. “What have I done to Misrata?”, Gaddafi asked.

“ He was very afraid,” Sheba added. “ I did not want to kill him – he was so weak”.

 You can watch the full interview, HERE: 

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LIBYAN OFFICIALS IN “SECRET TALKS” TO SUPPLY ARMS, MONEY & “VOLUNTEER FIGHTERS” TO SYRIAN OPPOSITION:

GADDAFI’S FORMER PM EXHAUSTS APPEAL PROCESS AGAINST EXTRADITION BUT TUNISIAN PRESIDENT STILL HAS LAST SAY:

TIMELINE – 26th November 13.58 GMT:

There are reports in the press today Libyan officials held secret talks yesterday, Friday, in Istanbul with representatives of the Syrian Opposition with a view to supplying them with arms and even volunteers in their fight against the Assad regime.

An unamed Libyan source said, “There is something being planned to send weapons and even Libyan fighters to Syria. There is a military intervention on the way. Within a few weeks you will see”. Turkish officials were also present at the talks.

http://www.petercliffordonline.com/libya-1

Syrian and Libyan Flags Fly Together in Tahrir Sq. Cairo – EPA

Preliminary discussions had taken place apparently when Syrian National Council (SNC) members went to Tripoli earlier in November. Another source with links to the SNC said that the Libyans were offering “money, training and weapons”.

Large shipments of weapons have not yet been sent, said activists, mainly because of logistical difficulties but these can be overcome once there is a “buffer zone” or an area controlled by opposition forces inside Syria.

Libya was the first country in the world to recognise the SNC as the “legitimate governing authority” inside Syria.

There are unconfirmed reports that Abdullah Naker, the Zintan commander of the “Tripoli Revolutionary Council, has said that Abdullah al-Senussi, Gaddafi’s former intelligence chief, is “definitely” in custody but “that a plane sent to bring him to the capital was fired upon on landing and the operation was cancelled”.

Against that Libya’s newly appointed Defence Minister, Osama Jweli, said he had made enquiries about the whereabouts of Senussi since taking up his post on Tuesday and could not receive any confirmation at all.

“I have not seen any proof,” he said. “When our Thwar [revolutionary fighters] capture someone, you have pictures of him on video straight away, or anyway within a couple of hours, made by those who caught him. With Senussi you have nothing.”

Following the brief detenton at Tripoli International Airport, which is secured by Abdullah Naker’s armed men, of the rival militia leader Abdul Hakim Belhadj on Thursday, a demonstration was held yesterday in Tripoli calling on Naker’s militia to leave the capital and return to their home town of Zintan.

Meanwhile, Mustafa Abdel Jalil, the leader of the NTC, visited Kartoum yesterday, the capital of Sudan, to thank President Omar al-Bashir for his assistance in supplying weapons via Egypt to the NTC fighters in their battle against Gaddafi.

http://www.petercliffordonline.com/libya-1

Jalil Meets Al- Bashir (Also Wanted by the ICC) in Khartoum

“If [it were] not for Sudanese military assistance, it would not have been possible to liberate Kufra,” said Jalil addressing a Sudanese conference for the ruling party.

Kufra is a remote town in the south east of Libya not far from the Sudanese border.

Bashir had earlier fallen out with Gaddafi over the Colonel’s support for the Dafur rebels fighting the Sudanese Government.

Bashir himself though is wanted by the International Criminal Court in the Hague for genocide and “crimes against humanity” committed against the people of the Dafur region.

GADDAFI’S FORMER PM EXHAUSTS APPEAL PROCESS AGAINST EXTRADITION BUT TUNISIAN PRESIDENT STILL HAS LAST SAY:

Finally, Al-Baghdadi Al-Mahmoudi, Gaddafi’s former Prime Minister, ran out of legal appeals in a Tunisian court Friday against the extradition order to return him to Libya. The final decision now rests with the new incoming President of Tunisia, Moncef Marzouki and the Tunisian parliament.

http://www.petercliffordonline.com/libya-1

Moncef Marzouki – Has the Last Word on Al-Mahmoudi Extradition

Marzouki is a former president of Tunisia’s Human Rights League and a number of human rights groups, including Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International, have said that they do not believe that Al-Mahmoudi will get a fair trial if he is returned to Libya, so the extradition is still not certain.

Al-Mahmoudi himself did not appear in court for the proceedings yesterday, his lawyer asking for dispensation on behalf of his client because he had apparently received a number of “written death threats” from inside Libya.

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2 comments to
LIBYA – NEWS

  • Interesting read Peter. Nice blog. Why are your interests so keen concerning Libya may I ask?

    • admin

      Many thanks for your comments. Have been involved in personal development, counselling for 31 years. It is clear to me that no-one can develop and grow well in repressive regimes. The fight against repression in Libya was intense and clearly interested people so I started to compile information and put it together in a very readable way (I hope!). Monitor other oppressive regimes as well, as you can see from the top buttons. Best wishes, PC.

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